Common Diseases in Older Adults: Part 1

Common Diseases in Older Adults: Part 1

Multiple Myeloma:

This pathology can be attributed to the disease, affecting the musculoskeletal system in an indirect manner. Myeloma is a malignant blood disease in which there is an excess growth of plasma cells in the bone marrow. In most cases, multiple myeloma develops in old age, more often in men. In this disease, bones form destruction sites filled with myeloma cells, which is manifested by pain.

The pain is localized in the femoral and pelvic bones. It is not constant, rather it arises spontaneously with movements and palpations, and increases when the senior is in a weak position.

In addition to the femur and spine, the clavicles, the sternum, the ribs, the shoulder blades, the humerus are affected. With a progressive course, spontaneous fractures of the bones are possible, while the pains become permanent.

The disease proceeds with a fever, and severe intoxication syndrome. In the blood analysis, a sharp acceleration of the ESR, and an increase in the protein level with a violation of the ratio of its fractions is noted.

Signs of osteoporosis appear on the radiograph. Also, rounded bone defects are noticeable.

Diabetic neuropathy:

Symptoms increase according to the age of the patient and the length of their illness. In diabetes mellitus, small vessels suffer, impaired microcirculation leads to malnutrition of nerve fibers and, ultimately, their death.

Parts that are primarily affected include fingers, feet, and legs.

The patient might suffer from the burning pain in both legs, which is aggravated during the night and when walking. Muscular weakness develops, and the gait of the patient is disturbed in this disease. The odds of seizures may also be increased in seniors.

Effective treatment of diabetic polyneuropathy is impossible without normalization of blood sugar levels. In addition, B vitamins, antioxidants (alpha lipoic acid), magnesium and zinc may be prescribed.

Pain in the legs can be a sign of a variety of diseases, and the possible causes listed above don’t include the entire list. Therefore, it is important that you avoid making a diagnosis on your own. Be sure to get yourself examined and only after determining the cause of the pain, you will be able to begin the treatment as per the advice of your doctor. About Medigap: Seniors who’re 65 & above can utilize 2020 Medicare supplement plans found at https://www.medisupps.com/medicare-supplement-plans-2020/to pay for copay and coinsurance.