How Can Seniors Identify Osteoporosis in Old Age?
The first thing you need to do is to undergo a medical examination. A medical examination can help you identify:
The state of mineral balance in your body. For this, any specialist can give direction for analysis, but it is best to visit an endocrinologist or a general practitioner;
the state of bone destruction – by definition, deoxypyridinoline in urine and C-terminal peptides in the blood;
the state of bone formation – by analyzing the level of osteocalcin in the blood;
whether you suffer from diabetes, including its hidden forms or not. To do this, it’s important to determine the level of glucose, and also perform a test for glucose tolerance. These tests are prescribed by the endocrinologist;
in women – the test can help identify the state of ovaries. This is clarified by determining the concentration of estrogen, progesterone, and testosterone. These tests are prescribed by the endocrinologist, they also recommend visiting a gynecologist and performing an ultrasound of the pelvic organs in order to be absolutely sure that the person has no cancer;
thyroid function. To do this, blood is donated to determine the hormones TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) and T4 (thyroxin), calcitonin;
the state of the intestines, which is involved in the absorption of both vitamin D and calcium. To do this, you need to visit a gastroenterologist, who, on the basis of your diet and the state of physiological functions can prescribe the necessary medical procedure.
According to these studies, if something deviates from the norm, the endocrinologist will prescribe a suitable treatment. Without it, all other measures such as exercise, diet, and use of calcium tablets may not be effective on their own.
Every person over the age of 45, even if a previous study showed that all endocrine organs are healthy, must determine the density of their bones annually. To do this, you will need to undergo densitometry in any of the major medical center or clinic near your place of residence.
About Supplemental Plans: Seniors in the USA can use 2019 Medicare supplement plans provided at https://www.medicaresupplementplans2019.comthey’re 65 and over. These plans can cover copay and deductible.